Archive for the ‘Linux’ Category

RHEL 6 IGMPv3 setting

August 11, 2017 Leave a comment

Set following parameter in /etc/sysctl.conf file for the interface that is desired (e.g. bond0, eth0, etc.).

  • Reboot system
Categories: Linux, Redhat, Uncategorized

Linux testing disk speed with dd

April 21, 2017 Leave a comment

Best way is to use dd and try the following:

dd bs=1M count=256 if=/dev/zero of=test conv=fdatasync

“fdatasync” tells dd to write physically to disk before providing the output. Increase to 1024, 2048 if you want 1G or 2G file size. Bigger sizing will produce a more normalized speed.

Categories: Linux, Redhat

RHEL increasing size of LVOL after LUN expansion

March 6, 2017 Leave a comment

Quick steps (validated on RHEL 5.x) on expanding your lvol when the underlining LUN has been expanded.

Ensure first you have rescanned the scsi devices to pick up on the physical changes to the LUNs. Next, from multipath you should be able to see that the LUN indeed have been expanded. In this case, the new size is 3.5T, original size was 3.0T.

# multipath -ll

vgnetapp1 (3600a09803830344a503f464a4d302f41) dm-3 NETAPP,LUN C-Mode
size=3.5T features=’1 queue_if_no_path’ hwhandler=’0′ wp=rw

Next, the pv has to be resized:
# pvresize /dev/mapper/vgnetapp1

Now, resize the lvol:
# lvresize /dev/mapper/vgnetapp1-lvol1 -l +100%FREE

Finally, resize the underlying filesystem on the lvol:
# resize2fs /dev/mapper/vgnetapp1-lvol1

Expect this to take several minutes depending on the size of your LUN. Run “df -h” to see this operation has indeed increased the lvol and filesystem size. Note, you can run these commands while the LUN is mounted. No need to “umount” at all.

Categories: Linux, Redhat

Linux: place line numbering on output of file (nl)

February 21, 2017 Leave a comment

Simple command (nl)to add line numbers to a file on the output:

$ nl /etc/passwd
1 root:x:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash
2 daemon:x:1:1:daemon:/usr/sbin:/usr/sbin/nologin
3 bin:x:2:2:bin:/bin:/usr/sbin/nologin
4 sys:x:3:3:sys:/dev:/usr/sbin/nologin
5 sync:x:4:65534:sync:/bin:/bin/sync
6 games:x:5:60:games:/usr/games:/usr/sbin/nologin
7 man:x:6:12:man:/var/cache/man:/usr/sbin/nologin
8 lp:x:7:7:lp:/var/spool/lpd:/usr/sbin/nologin
9 mail:x:8:8:mail:/var/mail:/usr/sbin/nologin
10 news:x:9:9:news:/var/spool/news:/usr/sbin/nologin
11 uucp:x:10:10:uucp:/var/spool/uucp:/usr/sbin/nologin
12 proxy:x:13:13:proxy:/bin:/usr/sbin/nologin
13 www-data:x:33:33:www-data:/var/www:/usr/sbin/nologin
14 backup:x:34:34:backup:/var/backups:/usr/sbin/nologin
15 list:x:38:38:Mailing List Manager:/var/list:/usr/sbin/nologin
16 irc:x:39:39:ircd:/var/run/ircd:/usr/sbin/nologin
17 gnats:x:41:41:Gnats Bug-Reporting System (admin):/var/lib/gnats:/usr/sbin/nologin
18 nobody:x:65534:65534:nobody:/nonexistent:/usr/sbin/nologin
19 libuuid:x:100:101::/var/lib/libuuid:
20 syslog:x:101:104::/home/syslog:/bin/false
21 messagebus:x:102:106::/var/run/dbus:/bin/false
22 landscape:x:103:109::/var/lib/landscape:/bin/false
23 sshd:x:104:65534::/var/run/sshd:/usr/sbin/nologin
24 pollinate:x:105:1::/var/cache/pollinate:/bin/false
25 vagrant:x:1000:1000::/home/vagrant:/bin/bash
26 colord:x:106:112:colord colour management daemon,,,:/var/lib/colord:/bin/false
27 statd:x:107:65534::/var/lib/nfs:/bin/false
28 puppet:x:108:114:Puppet configuration management daemon,,,:/var/lib/puppet:/bin/false
29 ubuntu:x:1001:1001:Ubuntu:/home/ubuntu:/bin/bash

Categories: Linux, Redhat, Uncategorized

How to background a process and have it run after you logout

December 1, 2016 Leave a comment

Assuming that you have a program running in the foreground, press ctrl-Z, then:

[1]+  Stopped                 myprogram
$ disown -h %1
$ bg 1
[1]+ myprogram &
$ logout
Categories: Linux, Redhat, Uncategorized

Create encrypted password using OpenSSL

June 28, 2016 Leave a comment

# openssl passwd –salt ew yourpass


Categories: Linux, Redhat, Uncategorized

Setting up GIT Repository

April 15, 2016 Leave a comment

## Create and initialize new repo

$ cd /opt/git
$ mkdir project.git
$ cd project.git
$ git init --bare
Initialized empty Git repository in /opt/git/project.git/
## Necessry, or you might run into permission errors with users trying to "push"
cd /opt/git/project.git
chgrp -R groupname .
chmod -R g+rwX .
find . -type d -exec chmod g+s '{}' +

## On a user's GIT client
# on User's computer
$ cd myproject
$ git init
$ git add .
$ git commit -m 'initial commit'
$ git remote add origin git@gitserver:/opt/git/project.git
$ git push origin master

## clone repo and then push changes:

$ git clone git@gitserver:/opt/git/project.git
$ cd project
$ vim README
$ git commit -am 'fix for the README file'
$ git push origin master
Categories: Linux, Uncategorized